Kathmandu, December 27 (Nepali Times): When the Left Alliance won a nearly two-thirds majority in the parliamentary and provincial elections on a stability platform, everyone thought the transfer of power would be smooth sailing.
Two weeks after the final phase of elections, the NC, voted out by the people, clings to power, while the Left Alliance is struggling to form the new government.
UML Chair K P Oli, widely believed to be the next prime minister, is fighting it out with caretaker Sher Bahadur Deuba over how to form the Upper House. This is delaying the change of guard.
Anticipating that the NC would have no presence in the Upper House, the Deuba government had passed an ordinance to elect the National Assembly (NA) through single transferrable voting (STV) – a system that ensures all national parties’ representation in proportion to their strength.
The Left Alliance wants to thwart this ordinance and pass a new one under its own government: a majority system that would enable the two largest communist parties to sweep the Upper House.
The stand-off continues, not only because the two political rivals refuse to back down, but also because the President and the Election Commission (EC) are in a fix.
The Left Alliance has urged President Bidya Bhandari to not pass the STV ordinance, and is also putting pressure on the EC to publish the final poll results so it can form the new government.
The EC has refused to publish final results before the NA election, arguing that it needs to know first how many women will get into the Upper House. If women to not make up at least 33%, the EC needs to compensate for the shortfall by forcing parties to nominate more than a third of women to the Lower House.
“A government that has lost the public mandate must make way for the new one sooner than later,” says Election Commissioner Ila Sharma. “But we cannot act against the Constitution, which requires us to form the Upper House first.”
Meanwhile, lawyers are divided by party loyalty, prolonging the confusion. Constitutional expert Surya Dhungel says: “The EC has misread the Constitution, which does not stop it from publishing the final results before the Upper House. The new government can and needs to be formed at the earliest.”
However this deadlock ends, Nepalis are once again reminded of the bitter truth: politics here is never linear.